Data de entrada: 25 de abr. de 2022


Methods of Conducting Psychological and Pedagogical Research

Research conducted in the field of psychology and pedagogy is a complex process that is carried out in scientific and cognitive activities. As a rule, it is needed to identify, test and use various new techniques in pedagogical practice, which improve the education system.

Basic research methods

Today we will talk in detail about the main methods that are used in the most common cases when writing a psychological and pedagogical study.


A conversation is a process in which the subject is asked a series of questions to which he must answer orally. In this case, with the help of a conversation, the researcher finds out the psychological characteristics of his interlocutor.

With the help of a conversation, one can easily reveal how a student relates to a particular teacher and vice versa. This method has always been and remains an excellent storehouse of necessary information, which in some cases is quite easy to detect when the interlocutor is talkative. On the contrary, there are situations when it is extremely difficult to “split” a person. Psychological and pedagogical conversation is used when they want to penetrate deep into the inner world of the student, trying to find there the beginnings of problems that have arisen, often associated with the educational process.

Also, using this method, you can learn about the interests, worldview, views, preferences of the interlocutor. This is done so that the researcher can better understand his subject, and also be able to more accurately understand the essence of what is happening. It is worth noting that the conversation is more of an additional method for collecting information than the main one. Since it is still not particularly reliable. But at the same time, it sometimes helps to shed light on difficult situations.


The questionnaire is a completely written technique, during which the subjects need to answer certain questions. Usually, questionnaires are used when you need to interview many people at once.

Calling surveys an accurate method for collecting information is also quite difficult. After all, people do not always truthfully answer the questions of the questionnaire. In some cases, they try to present themselves in the best possible way than they are. In the other, they do not fully understand themselves in order to accurately answer the question.

There are quite a few different types of questionnaires. Here are some of them:

  • open (in this case, you yourself need to come up with an answer to the question);

  • closed (in such questionnaires various answers are provided);

  • nominal (students need to indicate their personal data, i.e., first and last name);

  • anonymous (names and surnames of students remain out of reach of the researcher).

Questions for the survey must be written correctly. The following factors are usually taken into account:

  • what is the content of the question;

  • what is the form of the question;

  • how accurate the wording itself is, whether there are any clues or prerequisites for an answer in the question;

  • how many questions, and in what order they are composed.

Usually, questions in a survey are quantitatively selected so that they can be answered within thirty to forty minutes. The sequence is often randomly generated.

More resources: Choosing a University to Defend a Dissertation Foreign Universities and Thesis Defense Collection of Documentation for a Thesis Choosing a Thesis Topic in Economics General Rules for Choosing a Topic

Karl Rockwell

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